A painting style and method calling for vigorous physical activity, it was specifically associated with the New York School of Abstract Expressionism.
Jackson Pollock often used this technique, which was an application of paint with fast, forceful, and impulsive (unplanned) motions. Process dictated the subject matter.
Art critic Harold Rosenberg (1906-1978), first used the words Action Painting relative to American art in an article titled ‘The American Action Painters’ in “ARTnews”, December 1952. He emphasized that he was describing the creative act itself “how it was done” and was not describing a school or movement.